Appraisal of Drinking Water Quality in Lahore Residence, Pakistan

  • Khalid Mahmood Remote Sensing and GIS Group, Department of Space Science, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Muhammad Asim
Keywords: drinking water quality, groundwater, water quality index, GIS, weighted overlay


A comprehensive study for the spatial distribution of drinking water quality had been conducted
for residential area of Lahore, Pakistan. The study had made use of the geographic information system
(GIS) for geographical representation and spatial analysis of groundwater quality. Physicochemical
parameters including electric conductivity, pH, TDS, Cl, Mg, Ca, alkalinity and bicarbonates from 73 of
the water samples had been included in the analysis. Water quality data had been geo-referenced followed
by its interpolation using inverse distance weighted (IDW) for each of the parameters. Very high alkalinity
and bicarbonates values were observed in most parts of the area. For the comprehensive view, water quality
index map had been prepared using weighted overlay analysis (WOA). The water quality index map was
classified into five zones of excellent, good, poor, very poor and unfit for drinking as per WHO standards
of drinking water. 21% region had excellent quality of the underground water and 50% was found good
for drinking. Poor quality of water was found in southeastern part, covering 27% of the study area. Only
2% of the area was found under the very poor and unfit water quality conditions for drinking.