Use of Nano Fluids in Nuclear Technology: A Review
Review: Nano Fluids in Nuclear Technology
Nuclear energy is the most important source to produce electricity. The production processes are very important for reducing risks and increasing the efficiency. Nano-fluids also have the potential to transfer heat with improved thermo-physical properties which can be applicable in many devices for better performance. Advancement in nanotechnology develops new fluids which transfer heat called nano-fluids. So, for heat exchange in the core of nuclear reactors, nano-fluids are used because of their unique heat transfer properties. For significant improvement in properties, the modest concentration of nano-particles is required. Recent research is more about behaviour of nano-fluids to utilize their unique properties. Heat transfer property is very important for industrial applications, nuclear reactors, transportation, and electronics and also in biomedicine. Nano-fluid acts like smart fluid, where heat transfer property can be controlled. This review establishes a focus on the wide range of recent and future uses about nano-fluids, related to their improved properties of heat transfer that may be controllable and other specific properties of nano- fluids.