The Regional Extents of Local Thrust Systems in Jabbari and Rupper Town, South East of Hazara Pakistan

Regional Thrust Systems in South East of Hazara

  • Sohail Qaisar Department of Geology, University of Peshawar.
  • Sajjad Ahmad Department of Geology, University of Peshawar
  • Mukhtiar Ghani Geological Survey of Pakistan, Quetta
  • Tehseen Ullah Department of Geology, University of Peshawar.
Keywords: Hazara fault system, main boundary thrust (MBT), lesser Himalaya


Geological traverse between the town of Jabbri and Rupper, southeast Hazara delineates the stratigraphic and structural element of the area presented by high resolution geological map and cross section of the area. Oldest rocks in this section is Precambrian Hazara formation which is disconformably overlain by a Jurassic to Eocene sequence including Samana Suk, Chichali, Lumshiwal, Kawagarh, Hangu, Lockhart, Patala, Margalla-hill-limestone, Chorgali and Kuldana formations. Located in Lesser Himalayas, under the influence of main boundary thrust (MBT), this area developed several thrust systems from north to south including Hazara thrust, Haro thrust, Sangoda thrust, Rupper thrust. The main regional Hazara thrust has Precambrian rock in its hanging wall thrusted over the Jurassic Samna Suk formation. In lower detachment, there are several local thrust systems within Jurassic-Eocene strata.These thrusts trends in NE-SW direction indicating NW-SE compressional regime with the hanging wall Drag folds showing southward vergence. The stereographic plot of mesoscopic scale folds shows at least three folding events and varying plunging directions between the range of 240° and 290°. Most of the folds are plunging towards west and this is yet another indicator of east-west compressional forces. These folds orientations suggest transpressional deformation rather than pure compression. The balanced restore section shows that there is about 2.5 km shortening along 15 km restored section which makes about 16% shortening along the section.